The Serengeti National Park lies in Northern Tanzania and covers an area of about 14,760 square kilometres. It was first established in the 1920’s and was made a National Park in 1951. It is renown throughout the world as an area of great wildlife viewing. It is particulary famous for the huge herds of wildebeest and zebra that migrate. Every year following the rains in search of new grass. The word Serengeti comes from the Masai language and means endless plains. The park lies on a high plateau between the Norongoro Highlands to the east and Lake Victoria to the west. To the north lies Kenya and the Masai Mara Game Reserve, which forms the northern part of the Serengeti ecosystem.
To many it is regarded as Africas finest game park. Animals and bird life are usually seen in abundance throughout the year. The most famous feature of the park is the spectacular concentration of plains game during the annual migration. It is also well known for its unique wildlife lodges and the beautiful granite outcrops or “kopjes” which rise out of the plains.
VARIETY OF HABITATS
Many different types of habitat exist in the park and this creates homes for a wide variety of species. Generally speaking, you can divide the park into four regions. In the north, it is hilly and wooded, in the southeast are short and long grass plains, in the western corridor are extensive woodlands and black clay plains and in the centre is the acacia woodland and savannah. Each vegetation area attracts different types of animals.